First Time Home Buyer Guide: 10 Essential Tips for Buying Your First Condo

Keys for first-time home buyer

Entering the housing market as a first-time home buyer in Ontario, Canada, can be both an exciting and overwhelming experience. A first-time home buyer is someone who is buying their first property, looking to settle down and invest in their future. When this property is a condo in Ontario, it becomes important to have access to a specialized guide that addresses the unique aspects of condo living and buying.


This comprehensive guide will take you through the important steps of buying a condo as a first-time buyer in Ontario. You will learn about:

  1. The details of the local housing market
  2. Key government assistance programs created for first-time buyers
  3. Managing the extra costs that come with owning a condo

Feel free to use the resources and tools available on, a reliable platform dedicated to helping condo buyers in Ontario. With expert advice at your disposal, navigating your first condo purchase will be an informed and strategic journey.

1. Understanding the Ontario Housing Market

The Ontario housing market is not a singular, homogenous entity. Rather, it’s a dynamic and diverse landscape impacted by various factors such as economic conditions, demographics, and government policies. As a first-time home buyer, getting familiar with this environment is key to making an informed decision.

home price chart

To begin with, the Ontario real estate market has been characterized by strong demand and rising prices over the past decade plus. The recent pause in price appreciation due to higher interest rates putting pressure on affordability is not expected to last as the talk of rate cuts has already begun.  The average price of residential properties has increased significantly, making it crucial for first-time buyers to monitor these trends closely.

  • In major cities like Toronto and Mississauga, condo prices have seen steady growth.
  • More affordable markets such as Windsor-Essex County and Niagara Region are also witnessing a surge in home prices.

While these trends indicate a robust market, they also suggest that affordability could be a challenge for first-time buyers.

Key Influences on the Market

Understanding why and how these trends occur requires a look at several influencing factors:

  1. Supply and Demand Dynamics: High demand for condos coupled with limited supply tends to drive up prices. Factors such as population growth and urbanization often fuel this demand.
  2. Economic Conditions: A strong economy with low unemployment rates can boost the real estate market by increasing consumer confidence and purchasing power.
  3. Government Policies: Measures like mortgage stress tests, land transfer taxes, or changes in interest rates can significantly impact market dynamics.

By keeping an eye on these factors, you’ll be better equipped to navigate the Ontario housing market when buying your first condo.

2. Qualifications and Definitions for First-Time Home Buyers in Ontario

To be considered a first-time home buyer in Ontario, you need to meet certain criteria. It’s not as simple as never having owned a property before.

Defining the first-time home buyer

In Canada, a first-time home buyer is someone who has never purchased a property anywhere in the world, not just within the province. For some programs one must only have NOT occupied a qualifying home within the past 4 calendar years.

Living in the property

You must intend to occupy the condo as your principal residence within nine months of purchase.

Spouse qualifications

Your spouse should also meet these qualifications if you are married or in a common-law relationship.

Receiving benefits

The Government of Canada along with CMHC offer multiple programs for first-time home buyers. If you have received a first-time home buyer’s refund in the past, you are not eligible to receive it again however having owned a home in the past does not necessarily disqualify you from the programs as there is a 4 year reset if you have not lived in a qualifying home for the past four full calendar years.

Determining eligibility can get complex, particularly around specifics like spouse qualifications and previous benefits. Hence, verifying your eligibility with professionals can save you from future complications.

💡 Tip: Consult with government agencies or legal professionals to confirm your status as a first-time buyer. This will ensure you qualify for all potential benefits and avoid any unforeseen issues down the line. Websites such as also provide resources and tools for first-timers navigating this process.

The next step after confirming your eligibility is exploring available financial aid programs. These can significantly reduce your initial costs and make buying your first condo more affordable.

3. Exploring Government Assistance Programs for Condo Buyers

As a first-time condo buyer in Ontario, several government assistance programs are at your disposal. These programs aim to provide relief and support, making homeownership a more attainable goal.

New First Home Savings Account

Down Payment Assistance Grant 

One of such initiatives is the Down Payment Assistance Grant – offering interest-free loans to eligible buyers to cover part of their down payment costs.

Home Buyers’ Amount Tax Credit

The Home Buyers’ Amount Tax Credit is another option that grants tax credits to qualifying buyers, easing the financial burden of purchasing a home.

Shared Equity Mortgage Providers Fund (SEMP)

The Shared Equity Mortgage Providers Fund (SEMP) is yet another program established by the Canadian government. This initiative provides funding to organizations that offer shared equity mortgages to first-time home buyers. By securing a shared equity mortgage, you can reduce monthly payments as the mortgage provider contributes a portion of your home’s cost in exchange for a share of the property’s value.

First-Time Home Buyer Incentive program

In addition, there’s the First-Time Home Buyer Incentive program – a federal assistance program designed specifically for first-time buyers. Under this scheme, eligible buyers can receive funding from the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC), which then takes an equity stake in the property. This means that when you sell the property or after 25 years (whichever comes first), you pay back the same percentage of your home’s value that was initially financed through the program.

While advantageous in helping you lower monthly payments without increasing your down payment, this program also has its drawbacks. Since CMHC shares in the equity of your condo, if your property significantly appreciates in value, so does the amount you would need to repay.

It’s imperative to carefully consider these options and their implications before deciding on which route best suits your financial capabilities and long-term goals.

4. Understanding Mortgage Lending Rules and Down Payment Strategies

Navigating the intricate network of mortgage lending rules in Canada can be daunting for first-time buyers. One key regulation to understand is the “stress test” that lenders use to determine your ability to afford a mortgage. This test requires you to qualify at a higher interest rate than your contract, ensuring you can handle potential rate increases.

Lenders also consider:

  • Your debt service ratios (Gross Debt Service ratio and Total Debt Service ratio)
  • Your credit score
  • Your employment status and income

These factors determine how much you can borrow and at what interest rate.

Down Payment Strategies

In terms of down payment strategies, the minimum down payment in Canada is 5% for homes costing up to $500,000, but rises incrementally for more expensive homes. The down payment significantly impacts your mortgage insurance costs, so it’s worth exploring various strategies to maximize your initial payment:

  1. RRSP Withdrawals: The Home Buyers’ Plan (HBP) allows you to withdraw up to $35,000 from your RRSPs tax-free to buy or build a qualifying home.
  2. Family Loans: If you’re fortunate enough, family members might assist with your down payment. Just ensure this is an official loan documented legally to avoid future misunderstandings.

Remember, a larger down payment can result in lower monthly payments and less paid in interest over time. Aim for as large a down payment as you can reasonably afford while maintaining a cushion for unexpected expenses.

5. Finding the Right Mortgage Lender and Getting Pre-approved

Selecting a reliable mortgage lender plays a key role in your condo buying journey. Having a trustworthy lender, with a strong understanding of the unique needs of first-time buyers in Ontario, can make the process smoother and less stressful.

Mortgage lender

The right lender offers:

  1. Competitive interest rates: This could save you thousands over the life of your loan.
  2. Clear communication: A good lender keeps you informed about your loan progress and answers your queries promptly.
  3. Comprehensive loan options: They will provide you with various mortgage products that cater to different financial situations.

Once you’ve chosen your lender, it’s time to get pre-approved. This step gives you a clear picture of how much you can afford, strengthening your position when negotiating with sellers.

Here’s how to navigate this process:

  1. Gather necessary documentation: This typically includes proof of income (like pay stubs or tax returns), credit history, and information about your debts and assets.
  2. Submit your application: Your chosen lender will guide you through filling out the mortgage application.
  3. Wait for pre-approval: If everything is in order, you’ll receive a letter stating how much the lender is willing to lend you.

Remember, being pre-approved doesn’t guarantee final loan approval – that comes later once the condo passes an appraisal and your financial situation remains stable. Nonetheless, it provides a solid foundation for your home buying journey by demonstrating to sellers that you are a serious buyer.

6. Benefits of Working with a Real Estate Agent When Buying a Condo

When it comes to purchasing a condo, having a reliable and knowledgeable real estate agent by your side can make all the difference. Here’s how they can assist you throughout the process:

Why You Need a Real Estate Agent

Property Search

Instead of spending countless hours browsing through listings and trying to find the perfect condo on your own, an agent can do all the legwork for you. They have access to comprehensive databases and can narrow down the options based on your preferences and budget.

Negotiation Support

Buying a condo involves negotiation, from the initial offer to potential counteroffers. A skilled agent knows how to navigate these discussions and represent your interests effectively. They have a good understanding of market conditions and can help you secure the best possible deal.

Due Diligence Assistance

Before finalizing a condo purchase, there are several important inspections and paperwork that need to be done. An agent will ensure that all these tasks are completed accurately and on time, reducing the risk of any surprises down the road.

How to Find the Right Real Estate Agent for Your Condo Purchase

Here are some tips to help you choose an agent who specializes in condos and has your best interests in mind:

  1. Do Your Research: Look for agents who have experience working with condo buyers and have received positive feedback from their clients. Our agents have extensive experience working with both buyers and sellers to achieve the best possible price.  Contact an agent today!
  2. Check Credentials: Verify that the agent is licensed and registered with the appropriate authorities. You can also check if they are affiliated with any professional organizations, which can be a sign of their commitment to their profession.

Remember, finding the right real estate agent is about more than just their qualifications. It’s important to choose someone who understands your specific requirements and communicates well with you.

By enlisting the help of a skilled real estate agent, you can simplify the condo buying process and feel confident in your decisions along the way.

7. Navigating Local Homeownership Programs in Ontario

When you’re looking for your first condo, it’s important to explore not only provincial incentives but also local homeownership programs offered by different municipalities. These programs can provide valuable support and financial advantages tailored to the specific needs of their communities. From initiatives focused on affordable housing options to grants for creating rental spaces within properties, these local programs can make a significant difference in your home buying journey.

How to Access Local Homeownership Programs

To tap into these local opportunities, follow these steps:

  1. Identify Local Programs: Research and discover the various programs available in your city or region. Look for options like down payment assistance, tax rebates, or low-interest loans specifically designed for first-time buyers.
  2. Check Eligibility Criteria: Review the requirements for each program to see if you qualify. Keep in mind that these programs often target specific demographics, such as low-to-moderate income households or new immigrants.
  3. Understand the Application Process: Familiarize yourself with the application process for each program you’re interested in. Some may require you to attend an information session or complete homeownership education courses.
  4. Be Mindful of Timelines and Availability: Take note of any timelines associated with the programs. Some may have specific application windows or limited funding, so timing can be crucial.
  5. Take Action: Once you’ve identified a program that suits your needs and confirmed your eligibility, proceed with the application process according to the provided guidelines.

Remember that these local homeownership programs are aimed at making home buying more accessible, especially for those who may face financial challenges. By exploring and utilizing these resources, you could potentially save thousands of dollars and make your transition into homeownership much smoother.

Keep in mind that availability and details of these programs may change over time, so it’s essential to stay updated by regularly checking municipal websites or contacting local housing agencies for the most accurate and current information.

8. Understanding Costs and Taxes in Condo Purchases

When buying a condo in Ontario, it’s important to understand the various costs and taxes involved. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

Land Transfer Tax

The land transfer tax is a tax that applies to all real estate transactions. As a buyer, you’ll be responsible for paying this tax when you purchase a condo. However, as a first-time buyer, you may be eligible for the Ontario Land Transfer Tax Refund, which can help offset some of your land transfer tax.

First-Time Purchaser Rebate (Toronto)

If you’re buying your first condo in Toronto, you may also qualify for the First-Time Purchaser Rebate. This rebate is specific to the city and can provide additional savings by reducing the amount of municipal land transfer taxes you have to pay. It’s worth noting that this rebate is separate from the Ontario Land Transfer Tax Refund.

Condo Fees

In addition to the purchase price and land transfer taxes, it’s important to factor in condo fees when budgeting for your condo purchase. These are monthly payments that cover the maintenance of common areas and building insurance. The amount of condo fees can vary depending on factors such as the size of your unit and the amenities offered by the condominium.

Closing Costs

Closing costs are expenses that are incurred during the process of finalizing your condo purchase. These costs can include legal fees, home inspection costs, and other miscellaneous expenses. It’s important to budget for these one-time expenses in addition to your down payment and other ongoing costs.

By understanding and accounting for these additional costs, you’ll be better prepared for the financial commitments associated with owning a condo in Ontario.

9. Seeking Professional Guidance in Real Estate and Mortgage Matters

Navigating your first condo purchase requires a clear understanding of real estate and mortgage complexities. Engaging with seasoned professionals, such as a real estate lawyer or a mortgage broker, is not merely beneficial; it’s essential for ensuring that the purchasing process goes without a hitch.

Real Estate Lawyer

A real estate lawyer can handle legal documentation, clarify the fine print, and safeguard your interests during transactions. Here’s what you need to know about finding the right one:

  1. What They Do: Handle legal documentation, clarify the fine print, and safeguard your interests during transactions.
  2. Finding the Right One: Look for lawyers with positive testimonials and a record of representing first-time buyers. Referrals from trusted sources or reputable online directories can serve as a good starting point.

Mortgage Broker

A mortgage broker offers access to multiple lending options, interprets financial jargon, and helps secure competitive mortgage rates. Here’s how you can choose wisely:

  1. Benefits: Offers access to multiple lending options, interprets financial jargon, and helps secure competitive mortgage rates.
  2. Choosing Wisely: Ensure they have ample experience with first-time buyers in Ontario. Verify their credentials and ask about their approach to finding tailored mortgage solutions.

When you select these experts, consider their level of expertise in the Ontario condo market specifically. They should be adept at guiding you through unique challenges such as interpreting condo bylaws, reviewing status certificates, and understanding mortgage products best suited for condo purchases. By partnering with knowledgeable professionals, you position yourself for a more informed and confident buying experience.


Embarking on the journey of buying your first condo in Ontario can be as exhilarating as it is complex. This first-time home buyer guide aims to provide you with the knowledge and confidence required to navigate the real estate landscape. Key takeaways include:

  1. Gaining a solid understanding of the Ontario housing market
  2. Ensuring eligibility for first-time buyer benefits
  3. Exploring government financial aid programs and incentives
  4. Comprehending mortgage lending rules and down payment options
  5. The importance of working with experienced mortgage lenders and real estate agents
  6. Discovering local homeownership programs that may offer additional support

As you move forward, remember to utilize the array of resources available at It stands as a trusted platform designed to assist you in making informed decisions throughout your condo buying experience. Should you require further information or personalized assistance, do not hesitate to reach out to the knowledgeable team at